Kidney/ Renal failure
Renal Failure is a term used specifically to describe kidney that has lost the use of its function. Kidney malfunction or failure can lead to abnormal levels of potassium, calcium, phosphate, acid level, hematuria, or even anemia in a prolonged condition. When a kidney fails to perform its main function, there can be an impact on other diseases that a person might have such as cardiovascular diseases. There are five stages of chronic kidney diseases with stage 5 being the equivalent to kidney failure. A healthy normal kidney should have a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 90 mL/min or more. A stage 5 kidney disease has a glomerular filtration rate of less than 15 mL/min.
Kidney Failure Treatments
There are three main renal or kidney failure treatment therapies including hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and renal transplant. While an Acute Kidney Injury may be treated, Chronic Kidney Failure cannot be reversed and the only logical long-term solution is kidney replacement. As in some cases, a person’s body may not be able to undergo kidney transplant, dialysis to replace the water and waste removal functions is an option for renal failure.
Dialysis is a medical specialty that focuses on artificial kidney replacement due to renal failure through diffusion of waste removal or ultrafiltration (fluid removal) or when the kidney has lost the abilities of its functions to produce urine, regulate the acid-base balance, excrete waste through metabolism, secrete hormones, or regulate blood pressure. It is mostly an option used when kidney transplant is not a valid option.
Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease is permanent damage to the kidney that deteriotes slowly and is usually caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. It can also be caused by hypertension or high blood pressure or inflammations such as glomerulonephritis. Prolonged ingestion of analgesics such as acetaminophen or more commonly known as Tylenol or ibuprofen such as Advil can cause kidney disease. Other causes may include HIV infection, heroin abuse, or some cancer types.
Intestinal dialysis is a relatively new technology used as a treatment for kidney failure. In this process, the patient consumes a large amount of soluble fiber, such as acacia fiber, which is digested by the bacteria present within the colon. This helps in increasing the compound volume so they can lump up to be eliminated as fecal matters. An example of the fiber used is the Acai fiber, which is easily digistable by bacteria in the colon. Other types of intestinal dialysis may include the use of other non-absorbable concoctions such as polyethylene glycol or mannitol.
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