What is Hernia Repair?
Hernia Repair or Herniorrhaphy is the surgical procedure to fix the condition of Hernia or the occurring when the inner linings of a cavity is squeezed through the opening of the abdominal wall that is weakened, bulged, or ripped to form a sac. The most pervasive cases of hernia that accounts for 80 percent of all hernias commonly happen in the groin area. In some cases people with hernia will never know they have it because it can remain symptom-free while in other case, severe pain can be felt and problems such as infection or bowel obstruction can occur. Surgery is the only way to repair Hernias.
In Open Herniorraphy or Open surgery, a single long incision is made to take out the bulging sac and then the cut is sewn back together with an option of sometimes having an added mesh within the muscle walls to strengthen it. Because sometimes Hernia may not have any symptoms, Hernia repair is not required and thus considered an elective surgery. Types of surgical procedures other than open herniorrhaphy include laparoscopic herniorrhaphy, nissen fundoplication, and tension free mesh repair.
What causes Hernia?
Hernia can come as a result of lifting heavy objects, gaining weight, chromic constipation, repeated attacks of coughing, or sudden twists or muscle strains. This is mostly how inguinal (groin) hernia is developed. Sometimes hernia is present since birth or predisposed genetically or developed due to obesity, straining of bowel movements and mostly has to do with occurrences that put pressure on the abdominal walls. Hiatal hernia is also thought to be caused by a larger-than-normal esophageal hole or a shortening of the esophagus or abnormally loose connection of the esophagus to the diaphragm.
Types of Hernias
The main types of Hernias include Inguinal Hernia, naval hernia and Hiatal hernia. Inguinal Hernia (Groin) is hernia of the groin area and is the most common type of hernia accounting for up to 80 percent of all Hernias. Navel Hernia (Umbilical) is hernia that has developed in the naval area near the belly button due to a predisposition of weak navel area since birth and can act up later in adulthood as a distortion of a bulge. Hiatal Hernia (Diaphragmatic) is hernia involved with parts of the stomach slides through the cavity of the diaphragm into the chest area.
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