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    Rehabilitation

    rehabilitation treatment for neuropsychologyRehabilitation focuses on a variety of areas that essentially contributes to the regaining of strength, stamina, or state of fitness and mental health after a person has experience a trauma or injury that may have rendered them less effective in going about their daily lives. As sometimes a trauma or incident may affect the mental state of a patient and much more than just the physical aspect, rehabilitation focuses on a variety of therapy than just restoring physical mobility and strength. This may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, or treatment of pain. Some types of rehabilitation include cardiac rehabilitation, stroke rehabilitation, or addiction rehabilitations such as drugs or alcohol rehabilitation. Patient education is a key factor in rehabilitation.

     

    Rehabilitation (neuropsychology)

    Neuropsychology Rehabilitation is the rehabilitation of the sensory and cognitive function, where the nerves and neural pathways are trained to improve functions that have to do with the neurological senses.

     

    Rehabilitation (Penology)

    Penelogy in the category of rehabilitation is rehabilitation of criminals and those in prison with an attempt to restore them to a useful life where they can resume normal life without repeating previous offenses or committing new ones. The theory behind penology rehabilitation is that punishment for an offense does not help to support a person in changing their ways.

     

    Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation

    Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation is the restoration of endurance and functions of the cardiovascular system of patients with cardiovascular and pulmonary disorders such as heart attacks, pulmonary fibrosis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.

     

    Cardiac Rehabilitation

    Cardiac rehabilitation or cardiac rehab, is focused on a patient’s recovery after a heart attack through monitoring, exercise, nutritional counseling, and other lifestyle changes to implement. Cardiac Rehabilitation may be recommended for those that have experienced or undergone some type of heart condition such as heart attacks, coronary artery diseases, heart failure, chest pain, cardiomyopathy, coronary bypass surgery, or heart transplants. 
     

    Cardiac Rehabilitation may include recommendations of some physical activities that will help strengthen the cardiovascular training of a person such as weight lifting or jogging. It also includes lifestyle education focused on educating a patient of the choices to make in their lifestyle that may affect their conditions such as nutritional intake. Support emotionally or physically is also a part of cardiac rehabilitation.

     

    Stroke Rehabilitation

    Stroke rehabilitation is rehabilitation that focuses on a patient’s recovery after a stroke. In stroke rehabilitation, there is a focus on therapy for communication disorder, the improvement of mobility and motor skills, psychological therapy to cope with mental issues, constraint-induced therapy to force affected parts of the body to work, and electrical stimulation where electricity may be used to stimulate weakened muscles. 
     

    Stroke rehabilitation can be done for an extended period of time where the patient may stay in the hospital or medical facility over an extended period of time, as an outpatient treatment where patients spend some hours in a day at the facility but returns home at the end of each day, at a nursing facility, or at home. Stroke Rehabilitation’s effectiveness varies from person to persondepending on their circumstances and many factors such as the severity of damage received, the rehabilitation methods, support network, and time range of rehabilitation.

     

    Addiction Rehabilitation

    Some addictions such as drug or alcohol addictions can be so extreme that rehabilitation sessions are needed. Usually, the focus is on helping a patient become free from dependency on drugs mentally and physically. This may include the twelve-step program or client centered approach.

     

    Twelve Steps Program

    The twelve steps program involves a person’s mental admission and recognition of the addiction, aspiring to a higher power, reflecting on past wrongs and errors and making amends, adhering to living with a new set of code of behaviors, and helping others that also suffer from the same kinds of addictions. Such is the method used by some support groups such as Alcoholic Anonymous.

     

    Client-Centered Approach

    The Client-Centered Approach by psychologist Carl Rogers is concerned with unconditional positive regard, empathy, and genuineness in helping to treat a patient. Some illness considered as having mental origins such as alcohol abuse, to cope with their addiction on their own with support from loved ones.

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